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As president, Jackson sought to advance the rights of the "common man" and to preserve the Union. He led troops during the Creek War of 1813–1814, winning the Battle of Horseshoe Bend.Born in the colonial Carolinas to a Scotch-Irish family in the decade before the American Revolutionary War, Jackson became a frontier lawyer and married Rachel Donelson Robards. The subsequent Treaty of Fort Jackson required the Creek surrender of vast lands in present-day Alabama and Georgia. forces in the First Seminole War, which caused the annexation of Florida from Spain.Within two days of arriving back home, Robert was dead and Andrew in mortal danger.After nursing Andrew back to health, Elizabeth volunteered to nurse American prisoners of war on board two British ships in the Charleston harbor, where there had been an outbreak of cholera.In 1830, Jackson signed the Indian Removal Act, which forcibly relocated most members of the Native American tribes in the South to Indian Territory.The relocation process dispossessed the Indians and resulted in widespread death and disease. After resigning, he served as a justice on the Tennessee Supreme Court from 1798 until 1804.In the concurrent war against the British, Jackson's victory in 1815 at the Battle of New Orleans made him a national hero. Jackson briefly served as Florida's first territorial governor before returning to the Senate.
In foreign affairs, Jackson's administration concluded a "most favored nation" treaty with Great Britain, settled claims of damages against France from the Napoleonic Wars, and recognized the Republic of Texas.In 1835, Jackson became the only president to completely pay off the national debt, fulfilling a longtime goal.His presidency marked the beginning of the ascendancy of the party "spoils system" in American politics.Robert also refused to do as commanded and was struck with the sword.Later that year, their mother Elizabeth secured the brothers' release.
He ran for president in 1824, winning a plurality of the popular and electoral vote.